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Skull Base Brain Tumors

The many types of skull base tumors and conditions are classified by the type of tumor and its location in the skull base. Certain tumors and conditions tend to occur in specific areas of the skull base. The three main regions of the skull base and the tumors and conditions that occur there most commonly are:

Anterior Compartment of the Skull Base (Anterior Cranial Fossa), which contains the eye sockets and sinuses:

  • Meningioma
  • Olfactory neuroblastoma (esthesioneuroblastoma)
  • Paranasal sinus cancer

Central Compartment of the Skull Base (Middle Cranial Fossa), which contains the Pituitary Gland. The Pituitary Gland is about the size of a pea and is located in the Sella Turcica (saddle-shaped bony structure in the Sphenoid Bone):

Sellar tumors:

  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Rathke’s cleft cyst

Posterior compartment of the skull base (posterior cranial fossa):

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Epidermoid tumor
  • Meningioma

Types of Skull Base Tumors and Conditions:

Skull Base Brain Tumors:

  • Acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma)
  • Chondroma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Chordoma
  • Giant cell tumor
  • Hemangiopericytoma
  • Meningioma
  • Metastatic brain tumors
  • Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma
  • Neurofibroma
  • Olfactory neuroblastoma (esthesioneuroblastoma)
  • Osteoma
  • Paranasal sinus cancer
  • Petrous apex lesions
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Skull base sellar lesions

Skull Base Sellar Lesions:

  • Adenoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Rathke’s cleft cyst
  • Other Skull Base Conditions

Other Skull Base Conditions:

  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak
  • Encephaloceles
  • Fibrous dysplasia

If you are experiencing symptoms, have been diagnosed with a skull base tumor, or are in need of a second
opinion, explore treatment options with one of our top rated physicians. Please call us at (619) 810-1000.

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